The hottest information war calls for modern milit

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Information war calls for modern military logistics

[Abstract] this paper analyzes the importance of developing modern military logistics in information war, introduces the information technology means used in the modern military logistics revolution, and expounds the main characteristics of modern military logistics

[Key words] military logistics; Informatization


although the recent high-tech local wars, especially the Iraq war, are still far from the complete informatization war, the extensive application of many achievements of the world's new military reform in these wars, such as precision war, control war, all dimensional war, system war and psychological war, indicates that the informatization war is coming to us in a big step. As a logistics support department, it must be guided by President Jiang Zemin's strategic thinking of promoting military reform with Chinese characteristics and the strategic deployment of military modernization, with the goal of building an information-based army and winning an information-based war, adhere to information leadership, demand traction, system support, and integration, accelerate the compound leap forward development of mechanization and informatization, and ensure the formation of a modern military logistics system with a high level of informatization, To cope with the future information war

military logistics is the backbone of military logistics and equipment support system, and a means to support war. It refers to the whole process of military materials and equipment needed by military forces in peacetime and wartime life, training, duty and combat, through financing, transportation, packaging, processing or production, storage, supply and other links, and finally delivered to the troops and consumed, so as to realize the transfer of space (or at the same time with the domination). The flow direction, flow, accuracy and predictability of military logistics not only play a role in supporting and ensuring military operations, but also play a role in adjusting and strengthening military logistics forces, transforming the country's economic and scientific and technological capabilities into combat capabilities, so as to support and consolidate the role of national defense construction. Under the great impetus of the new technological revolution, the trend of battlefield digitization and informatization is overwhelming, which makes the logistics support methods and support methods face severe challenges. Take the Gulf War as an example. During the 42 day war, the multinational force spent $60billion, an average of $1.43 billion per day. Throughout the war, the consumption of weapons, equipment, ammunition, oil and various materials of the U.S. military averaged more than 200 kilograms per soldier per day, which was 10 times that of World War II and 4 times that of Vietnam. Facing the strong pressure of future information war, logistics support should first place the oil box on the oil box head seat together with the microscope when measuring, and scientifically allocate and supplement millions of kinds and tens of millions of tons of materials and equipment on a vast battlefield. It is by no means within the reach of human and human brains. Only a modern military logistics system with a high level of information must be created to meet the needs of information war. The efficiency of logistics largely depends on the application of emerging information technology. In the process of developing military logistics, the armed forces of western developed countries widely adopt the way of building information platforms, because information resources will become the primary winning factor in future wars with high control accuracy. They use computer information networks to link all links of logistics operation, and "link everything" between logistics distribution entity networks and information networks. In the early 1990s, the U.S. military began the construction of "logistics points". In terms of organization, one department will unify the transportation, supply, maintenance and other support functions decentralized by the previous departments. This department can use the battlefield command information communication channel to understand the situation of combat forces and master the necessary command information. Therefore, it can accurately predict and even pre configure the required materials on the battlefield

to build a modern military logistics information platform, we must establish new concepts of modern logistics technology, vigorously cultivate knowledge-based soldiers in the information age, and have a set of logistics management software developed according to modern concepts and relatively complete network information hardware facilities. Logistics information must realize cross regional real-time transmission, remote data access, and the combination of data distribution and centralized processing. For multiple remote local connections, we must combine web technology with distributed object technology and distributed database technology, and introduce the concept of "virtual", the whole process of virtual material financing, storage, distribution and supply, so as to break the space constraints, carry out information exchange, management and utilization at will, and be competent for the needs of future information war

in order to realize the informatization of military logistics, bar code technology, radio frequency identification technology, GPS technology and other high-tech means are indispensable. Among them, bar code technology is the most basic means of logistics management technology. The application of bar code technology can accurately identify logistics units, including personnel, goods, equipment, assets, etc. And realize the automation of data collection through bar code recognition equipment, so as to transform logistics into information flow, and realize the tracking and management of logistics. The basic principle of radio frequency identification technology RF is electromagnetic theory. The advantage of RF system is that it is not limited to the line of sight, and the recognition distance is longer than that of optical system. RFID card is readable and writable, difficult to forge, and intelligent. Radio frequency technology is used in military logistics system to identify and track military materials. Whether military materials are in any link of procurement, transportation, storage, use and maintenance, commanders at all levels can grasp their status and information in real time. GPS global positioning system uses navigation satellites to measure time and distance, so that any moving target on the earth can determine its position. It is one of the most advanced information facilities today. In the Gulf War, the US military used GPS technology extensively. It is a maritime ship and air fighter of the multinational force. Ground troops, ground vehicles and other moving targets provide accurate location data. Thus, the real-time and dynamic management of key military materials is realized, and the real-time and dynamic management of military logistics is ensured

supported by information technology. Aim at the efficient flow of materials and equipment

to support war. The modern military logistics produced with the transfer of war and battlefield should have the following four characteristics:

(1) whole process visualization

facing the future information war, logistics support will change the past "programmed" rigid and rigid supply mode. The establishment is based on information technology and communication technology. With the computer network as the platform, the visual logistics information system that will monitor the whole process of logistics support forces, support objects, the quantity and variety of support materials, support locations, etc. depends on the logistics information system. On the one hand, logistics at all levels can timely understand and accurately predict the location of combat commanders and their logistics needs, and timely predict the configuration location of supply agencies and other support facilities; on the other hand, logistics personnel can adapt to changes in the battlefield and revise logistics support plans at any time. Ensure the accuracy of logistics support in time, place and quantity. In addition, through virtual logistics. Logistics personnel have opportunities. It has the ability to integrate global resources, optimize the financing and supply mechanism, control and guide the logistics process, and realize the improvement of support capacity and the reform of support mode. The U.S. military is speeding up the development and equipment of the "full asset visibility system". The independent systems being integrated, such as "single reserve fund", "headquarters maintenance management", "army Global Combat Support System", "integrated logistics database" and "headquarters level logistics modernization plan", are the specific measures to realize visual logistics. The goal of the U.S. military is: a soldier in the future, no matter where he is in the world, as long as he has a computer and relies on a credit card, he can make a comparative shopping. He can make a choice according to the quality, price and ease of access. The order can be directly provided to the supplier without giving it to the procurement office, and the payment can be made with an international shopping authorization card. In this way, the purchase option is handed over to users who actually need products. This measure represents the development direction of military logistics visualization, and it is also one of the goals of our military logistics reform and development

(2) operation specialization

operation specialization is an effective way to improve material support capability and reduce material support costs. It is also an inevitable result of the development of military logistics. The so-called operation specialization refers to the logistics in the implementation of support tasks. From the generation of demand chain, the design of supply chain to the logistics links of physical supply are completed by fully specialized logistics teams. In the current material support mode, the support object, scheme and implementation steps are all completed by the competent business department. Due to the limitations of time, energy and ability, it is difficult to optimize the support scheme from link to whole. With the development of military logistics, the logistics system will gradually appear multi-level professional operation institutions with transportation and storage as the core and distribution as the basis, such as distribution center, logistics center, etc. through these professional operation institutions: first, financing, packaging, processing, storage, transportation and other links are done by professionals, because SEBS foaming materials have the advantages of soft and soft texture. Strong technical force. Being able to flexibly use modern information technology is conducive to realizing the overall optimization of all links of material support, so as to form an efficient and high-quality material support system. Second, the competent business departments can get rid of the heavy daily supply work and carry out business theory innovation and business technology reform. Re evaluate the design of the demand chain and promote the improvement of business level. Third, reduce repeated investment and logistics costs. Some people in the US military have proposed to establish a national defense logistics force. To achieve the integration of logistics support, the army, navy and air force continue to exist as an independent service. But it will no longer organize its own guarantee. In fact, this is to take the road of logistics operation specialization

(3) military civilian integration

military civilian logistics integration is an important direction of military logistics development. The ideal state is the emergence of a militarized logistics enterprise. These enterprises can be general-purpose military and civilian enterprises. In case of war, these enterprises can be requisitioned by the army. The advantage of this is that it can not only greatly reduce the burden on the army, but also require professional logistics enterprises to ensure the accurate arrival of materials, and the integration of military and local logistics, which not only reduces the material supply links, improves the logistics efficiency, and reduces the logistics cost, but also enables the general military and civilian materials to be reserved in the society, market, enterprise products, technology reserves in enterprise production, logistics facilities, equipment and personnel to realize military and local sharing. The future war is a contest of comprehensive national strength. Only by establishing a socialized military logistics system. Only by mobilizing the strength of the whole society can we meet the material needs of war. At present, it is a common practice of all countries in the world to "promote the military through business" by combining military, government and people, and to establish a military civilian integrated support system that is compatible with both peacetime and wartime. During the Iraq war, the U.S. Department of defense signed rental agreements for thousands of aircraft with 55 airlines for the transportation of materials, equipment and soldiers

(4) system networking

material support mode serves the war and develops with the development of war. Driven by information and communication technology, the material support mode of information war in the future will undergo great changes. It is no longer a simple linear support. Plane support. Or mainly rely on the military's own logistics forces to implement support. Instead, we should make full use of the latest achievements of information technology to build a support network for the whole army, the whole country and even the world, so as to quickly gather the human, financial and material resources of the whole country and the whole society, and implement all aspects of combat forces

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